이민정책연구원은 이민정책개발을 위한 연구와 교육
그리고 국내외 네트워크와의 협력을 통해 다양한 사업을 추진하고 있습니다.

서브메뉴

Cooperative Governance between the Central and Local Government for Promoting the Immigration Policy

상세
Date 202112
Publication No 2021-06
Author Younghee Cho
Co-author Hye-kyoung Lee, Sangdoo Ko
  • Type Policy Report
  • Research Type

Content

Over the past few years, local governments are required to assume increasingly significant roles and responsibilities with the policies affecting foreign nationals residing in Korea, but there is a strong tendency to overlook the “proactivity” of local governments concerning the relevant policies and regard them as the “collaborators” of the central government. However, it appears indisputable that local governments will play increasingly important roles in the effective implementation of immigration policies as more areas are becoming densely populated by foreign nationals. This study primarily examined two case examples on the National Multicultural City Council and the Multicultural Immigrants Plus Center to explore how both vertical and horizontal cooperation take place between the central government and local governments, and between local governments, respectively. Although the National Multicultural City Council and the Multicultural Immigrants Plus Center have been established by different driving forces and dynamics, to ensure their cooperation with the central government in a genuine sense, it is necessary to facilitate the vertical collaborative governance in which a large variety of the issues requested by local governments to the central government are reflected in substance by means such as ensuring the statistics on foreign nationals in Korea are more accessible for local governments. In addition, to facilitate horizontal cooperation between local governments, the National Multicultural City Council must increase the number of municipal members and further enable policy sharing and interactive learning for the pending issues applicable to all local governments for the areas with high concentration of migrants. For the Multicultural Immigrants Plus Center, as a one-stop administrative organization for foreign nationals in Korea, it is vital to put together the associated regulations which will allow local governments to take a leading role in the operation of centers and conduct an oversight of the efficiency and effectiveness of policies on foreign nationals residing in the region.